What are cat colds?
Cat colds are upper respiratory infections characterized by many of the same symptoms we experience when we catch a cold. Sneezing and sniffles are two of the most common symptoms you will notice if your cat has a cold, but why is your cat suffering from a cold and how you can avoid it in the future?
Also like the colds we get, cat colds are very contagious among our feline friends. This means that outdoor cats are more likely to find themselves with the cold virus than indoor cats because they are more likely to interact with other cats.
Feline upper respiratory infections (URI) can be caused by either bacteria or viruses. Although these infections are not contagious to humans, they are very easily transmitted between cats, especially in crowded conditions. So if you've boarded your cat recently and they now have cold-like symptoms, it's likely your kitty was near another cat suffering from an upper respiratory infection.
While your cat could catch a cold even from the cleanest and fanciest boarding facility, choosing a reputable boarding provider may help to reduce the chances of increasing your kitty's stress levels, making it somewhat less likely for your cat to develop a URI.
How do I know if my cat has a cold?
If your cat is suffering from a URI you may notice that they are exhibiting one or more of the following cat cold symptoms:
- watery eyes
- runny nose
- mild fever
More Severe Symptoms
- reduced appetite
What can I do to help my cat feel better?
If your cat has a cold, you are likely wondering what you can do to help them feel better.
To help your feline friend feel a little more comfortable try wiping their runny nose with a soft clean cloth, and clear their runny eyes using a soft cloth dipped in saline solution. You could also try running a humidifier so the air isn't too dry.
If your cat seems to be stuffed up, making breathing a little difficult, secure them in their pet carrier, put a bowl of hot water in front of the cage, and cover both with a blanket for about 15 minutes.
It's important for your cat to continue to eat and drink so they can get better quicker. Food that is warmed up and easier to swallow might make this process more appealing for them. They also need to stay warm, so place an extra blanket in their bed or favorite area to curl up.
Do not ever give human cold medication (or any medication without the advice of your vet) to your cat. Always speak with your vet to see what they recommend for your pet.
When should I call the vet?
It's important to be careful with especially old or young cats, as well as cats with other conditions that may make them more susceptible to the effects of a cold. This is especially true of cats that are nursing, or that haven't been vaccinated. If your cat falls into one of these categories, make an appointment immediately.
In most cases, cat colds are harmless and will go away within 1-2 weeks. You do need to monitor their health however, and if there is no sign of improvement by the fourth day, you should make an appointment with your vet as a persisting cold that does not get treated properly may develop into pneumonia.
If your cat begins coughing, has difficulty breathing, or stops eating, they need to see a vet as soon as possible.
Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.